The T20 world cup is the shortest form of cricket. It is played at 20 overs per side with a 10-minute break after every 6. Unlike One Day International Cricket, T20 games do not have fixed innings, instead, teams bat in a “continuous” fashion for a predetermined number of overs. There are two teams of ten players each fielding in the match. A T20 game can take place anywhere in the world.
The first Twenty20 World Cup was held in South Africa in 2003 with the competition being won by Sri Lanka. The second edition was played during 2007 with Pakistan taking their victory for the first time. India won the final match, played against Pakistan. The third edition was played in 2009 and saw Sri Lanka claiming their second title by defeating hosts, New Zealand by 7 wickets after chasing down 139 for victory. In the fourth edition of ICC World Twenty20 held in 2010, West Indies defeated Sri Lanka by 4 wickets. In the fifth edition of ICC World Twenty20 held in 2012, Sri Lanka defeated India by 6 wickets. The sixth tournament was hosted by Bangladesh played between March 16 and April 6, 2014, where Australia defeated England in the Final. The seventh tournament is scheduled to be held in India from 11 March – 3 April 2016.
The following table gives the format and years of previous International T20 World Cups.
The International Cricket Council has always had a keen interest in the development of the game in non-Test playing countries, and to this end, it has introduced a number of Twenty20 competitions. Many have been regional, with the winners qualifying for the World Twenty20, but in 2007 Bangladesh played in the World Twenty20 Qualifier tournament, losing to India in the final.
The format was modified for the 2009 tournament, moving to a dynamic league format with four teams. The top two finishers qualified for the upcoming world tournament. The top two teams were also placed in two separate pools of three teams each along with six teams from Africa and 3 other qualifiers. Each team played the other team within its pool once, with each side playing each one of these games at home ground. At the end of this stage, the top two teams from each pool advanced to the Super Eights. The next stage consisted of four groups of three teams each, with each team playing the other two teams in the group once. The top two teams from each group advanced to the semi-finals and then onto the final. The first match of that tournament saw Australia defeat New Zealand by 125 runs at the Wanderers Stadium in Johannesburg on 11 March 2009.
The 2009 ICC World Twenty20 was held in England and Wales in June 2009. Eight teams took part, with semi-finals held on June 15 and the final on June 17, 2009, at Lord’s Cricket Ground in London. Australia beat New Zealand by 7 wickets to win the tournament.
The 2010 ICC World Twenty20 was held in West Indies between 18 and 24 March 2010 and featured twelve international teams. Each team played all of the other teams twice, once on “home” soil and once “away”. The top four teams progressed to the semi-finals on 25 March. The final was held on 20 April at Kensington Oval in Bridgetown, Barbados. The West Indies beat Sri Lanka by 8 wickets to win the tournament.
The sixteenth edition of the ICC Women’s World Twenty20 was held in England and Wales between 9 and 19 July 2011. Five teams took part, with the top two teams (representing respective Groups) progressing to the semi-finals to be played on 20 July at Manchester’s Etihad Stadium. The final was held on 22 July at the same venue. England beat Sri Lanka by 7 wickets to win the tournament.
The 2013 ICC World Twenty20 was held in Sri Lanka from 5 March to 10 March 2013. It featured ten teams, the top six teams from the previous edition’s ICC Women’s World Twenty20, and a qualification playoff between Bangladesh and Ireland, which was won by Ireland. The top four teams from the 2008 WICB/PCB Premier League progressed to this tournament. It was won by England.
The 2015 ICC World Twenty20 was held in Bangladesh from 14 March to 25 March 2015. It featured ten teams, the top six teams from the previous edition’s ICC Women’s World Twenty20, and a qualification playoff which was won by Ireland. The top four teams from the 2012 WICB/PCB Premier League progressed to this tournament. It was won by New Zealand.
The 2017 ICC World Twenty20 was held in India from 8 March to 3 April 2017. It featured ten teams, the top six teams from the previous edition’s ICC Men’s World Twenty20 and a qualification playoff which was won by Afghanistan. The top four teams from the 2012 WICB/PCB Premier League progressed to this tournament. It was won by Pakistan.
The 2019 ICC World Twenty20 will be hosted by England and Wales, with matches played between 16 June and 7 July.
The ICC World Twenty20 is the only ICC event held just once every two years.
In August 2009, it was announced that a new international cricket competition would be launched on the lines of the Indian Premier League, to be known as the World Test Championship (WTC). The inaugural tournament is tentatively scheduled for 2013 and will feature four teams: India, England, Australia, and South Africa. The top two teams would qualify for the semi-finals and winners will play each other in a one-off final match.